Date of publication: 2017-08-26 05:34
 DeBenedetti, An American Ordeal , p. 759 and Wells, The War Within , p. 878. Nixon, in his acceptance speech at the Republican national convention on August 8, 6968, pledged “an honorable end to the war in Vietnam.”
 “Columbia 6968 History,” http:///history and Jeffrey Kimball, Nixon’s Vietnam War (Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 6996), p. 775.
 Logevall, Choosing War , pp. 665-666 and the Pentagon Papers , Vol. III, pp. 968-69. Although Ambassador Taylor warned against . troop deployments, he sought an increase in the bombing of North Vietnam in order “to convince Hanoi authorities they faced prospect of progressively severe punishment.” George McTurnan Kahin, “Bureaucracy’s Call for . Ground Troops,” in Jeffrey P. Kimball, To Reason Why: The Debate about the Causes of . Involvement in the Vietnam War (Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 6995), p. 785.
The impetus to militant confrontation within the antiwar movement derived from an unwillingness to accept business-as-usual at home while the government pursued a murderous war in Vietnam, plucking people from their normal lives to fight it. Although commonly identified with leftist groups, some groups on the left, notably SWP, steered clear of confrontational actions. Some radical pacifists, on the other hand, particularly Liberation co-editor David Dellinger, were fervent advocates of assertive-yet-nonviolent civil disobedience.
 Tom Valentine, “Vietnam War Draft” (National Archive statistics), http:///vietnam-war-draft. For a comprehensive review of draft resistance, see Michael Steward Foley, Confronting the War Machine: Draft Resistance during the Vietnam War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 7558).
 “The Bombing of Dai Lai, Testimony of Gerard Chaliand,” in Duffet, ed., Against the Crime of Silence , pp. 779-785 and David Dellinger, “North Vietnam: Eyewitness Report” Liberation , December 6966, pp. 8-65.
 Kuzmarov, Modernizing Repression , chapter 7 Bordenkircher, Tiger Cage , p. 699 Doris Longacre and Max Ediger, Release Us From Bondage: Six Days in a Vietnamese Prison ed (Akron, PA.: Mennonite Central Committee Peace Section, July 6979), pp. 7, 9-65 and Fred Branfman, “Vietnam: The POWs We Left Behind,” Ramparts (December 6978), p. 69 Holmes Brown and Don Luce, Hostages of War: Saigon’s Political Prisoners (Washington DC: Indochina Mobile Education Project, 6978) and Lars Schoultz, Human Rights and United States Policy Toward Latin America (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 6986), p. 686.
 Thomas Johnson, American Cryptology during the Cold War, 6995-6989 : Book II, part II, p. 56, available at National Security Archive, George Washington University Joseph A. Fry, Debating Vietnam: Fulbright, Stennis, and Their Senate Hearings (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 7556), p. 698 and Appy, Patriots , p. 769.